Thursday, August 29, 2013

The Dreaded, Dreadful Dengue

DOH: 42,207 dengue cases, 
193 deaths from January to 1st week of June
ELR, GMA News, June 15, 2013, 4:06am

With the onset of the rainy season, the risk of mosquito-borne diseases, such as Dengue (pronounced as "DEN-gee" or "DEN-gay"), has risen.

Aedes aegypti/ Aedes albopictus

CAUSE:  Dengue virus (has 4 strains) contracted from the bite of an Aedes mosquito that has previously bitten an infected person (infected person > mosquito > another person)


·         Fever (usually high-grade, 39-41 degrees Centigrade) and Chills
·         Headache
·         Eye pain
·         Joint and Muscle pain
·         Rash (Reddish or Pale pink)
·         Nausea, Vomiting, Loss of Appetite

After the initial fever, some people may have:
·         Bleeding from the nose, mouth, gums
·         Vomiting of blood
·         Blackish stools
·         Severe abdominal pain
·         Signs of shock

·      If you or a family member has high-grade fever of 2 days duration and rashes on the skin, consult a physician or visit the nearest clinic/ health center/ hospital immediately.
·       There is no specific medicine for treating dengue fever.
·         For mild cases, the patient is treated with plenty of fluids and rest.  He may also be given Paracetamol for fever and/or pain. However, do not give him anti-inflammatory medicines like Aspirin, Ibuprofen, or Mefenamic acid (may increase the risk of bleeding).
·         Dengue hemorrhagic fever, the more serious form of dengue fever, usually requires treatment in a hospital.

·         There is no vaccine to prevent dengue fever.

·         Search and destroy breeding places of mosquitoes.
o   Throw away, turn over, empty any container and old tires that may accumulate rain water.
o   Change water and clean flower vases every week.
o   Always place a tight lid on containers used for water storage (drums, buckets).
o   Check that there are no mosquito larvae (kiti-kiti) in stored water.
o   Avoid having plants that could accumulate rain water.
·         Self-protection measures:
o   Use screens on door and windows.
o   Use anti-mosquito nets.
o   Wear protective clothing (long-sleeved shirts, long pants, socks and closed shoes).
o   Use safe repellents (DEET, Picaridin, Lemon Eucalyptus oil) on your clothing and exposed skin. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions.
o   Spray insecticides under the tables and behind the curtains.
·         Seek early consultation.
·         Say NO to indiscriminate fogging.
o   Do fogging only during outbreaks. (Fogging operations usually fail because these merely drive away mosquitoes to other areas.)

Department of Health (DOH)
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
World Health Organization (WHO)

This was brought to you by:

No comments:

Post a Comment